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Shipping

 

Iran has long paved road system linking most of its towns and all of its cities. Iran has 200,000 km of roads and 3,000 Km of freeway and 15,000,000 cars presently.

Trains operated on 11,000 km of railroad track. The country’s major port of entry is Bandar-Abbas on the Strait of Hormuz. After arriving in Iran, imported goods are distributed throughout the country by trucks and freight trains. The Tehran-Bandar-Abbas railroad, opened in 1995, connects Bandar-Abbas to the railroad system of Central Asia via Tehran and Mashhad. Other major ports include Bandar e-Anzali and Bandar e-Torkeman on the Caspian Sea and Khorramshahr and Bandar-e Imam Khomeini on the Persian Gulf.

Dozens of cities have airports that serve passenger and cargo planes. Iran Air, the national airline, operates domestic and international flights. All large cities have mass transit systems using buses, and several private companies provide bus service between cities. Tehran, Mashhad, Shiraz, Tabriz, Ahwaz and Esfahan are in the process of constructing underground mass transit rail lines.

Railway Iranian links to adjacent countries such as: Iraq, Turkey, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan and linking to railway of Afghanistan is planned. This railway is one of the most cost-effective ways to transport transit goods to these countries. The using of the ports of south and rail transit is one of the most cost-effective way to transport goods to the countries of north of Iran.

Also cargo unit of Mahan Air and Iran Air, air lines for the air freight is recommended.

   

 

Ports and harbors

The capacity of container loading and unloading in the country’s ports is currently at 4.4 million which will increase to 7 million by the end of 2015. Port capacity will increase to 200 million tons in 2015 from 150 million tons. Bandar Abbas is in southern Iran and handles 90% of the Iran's container throughput and there are two port named Shahid Rajaei port and Shahid Bahonar port in Bandar abbas city. These are the two main ports in southern Iran, and then Imam Khomeini port in southwestern Iran end of the Persian Gulf has a high capacity.

Port of Khark in Khark island is dedicated to crude oil export also there is port of Chabahar with lower than capacity in southeast of Iran and northwest of India ocean.

There are three port in north of Iran in south of Caspian Sea that named Anzali port, Nowshahr port,Amir abad port that using for shipping transport between Iran with Russia , Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan ,Azerbaijan as the countries of the sea.

At present , there are about 95% of Imports and 85% of Exports in the country are carried out through the ports .considering the spread of Goods Imports & Exports , it is necessary to develop the ports of the country . Having a look at Asian shipping transition as a corridor between East and West, we can find out that Iranian ports are well-positioned for global commerce. In addition, Passing through Iranian territory is by 5000 km shorter than the Suez Canal where is a leading international shipping course between Asia and Europe.

 

 
 

• Note: 

1.  SHIP REPAIR                    8. DIRTY BALAST RECEPTION            15. PERTOLEUM

2. BUNERING                         9. RUBBISH COLLECTION                   16. OTHER LIQUID BULK

3.     TOWAGE                         10. PROVISIONS                                    17. DRY BULK

4.   DRYDICKING                   11. REPATRIATION                                18. GENERAL CARGO

5. LAUNCH SERVICE           12. FUMIGATION                                    19. CONTAINERS

6. MEDICAL FACILTIES       13. SURVEYS                                          20. RO-RO

7. FRESH WATER                14. GYRO/RADIO PERAIRS                  21. AIR PORT (WITHIN 100 KM)

 

Iran shipping line

Many Iranian companies are active in domestic and international shipping lines. The most important of these companies is IRISL shipping line comprises 115 ocean-going vessels with the total capacity of 3.3 million tons deadweight (DWT). The ownership structure of the fleet comprises 87 ocean-going vessels in IRISL and 28 different types of ships under the flag of subsidiaries, including Khazar Shipping, Valfajr as well as Iran-India Shipping Companies. SSLIL, Abran and Valfajr are other shipping line that   Valfajer line has some ferry and passenger line according to following table:

Passenger destinations

IRAN

UAE

KUWAIT

BAHRAIN

QATAR

B.Abbas

Sharjah

 

 

 

B.Lengeh

Sharjah

 

 

 

B.Bushehr

 

Kuwait

Manama

Doha

Khorramshahr

 

Kuwait

 

 

Also below links are websites introduced companies.

IRISL

www. irisl.net

SSLIL

www.sslil.net

Abran

www.abranco.com

Valfajr

www.valfajr.ir