.

  • GILAN Province of Gilan is located in the South Caspian, just west of the province of Mazandaran, east of the province of Ardabil, north of the provinces of Zanjan and Qazvin. The northern part of the province is part of territory of South (Iranian) Talysh. At the center of the province is the main city of Rasht. Other towns in the province include Astara, Astaneh-e Ashrafiyyeh, Fuman, Lahijan, Langrud, Masouleh, Manjil, Rudbar, Roudsar, Shaft, Talesh, and Soumahe Sara. The main harbor port of the province is Bandar-e Anzali.Gilan has a humid subtropical climate with by a large margin the heaviest rainfall in Iran.The province has a population of about 3,000,000.

 

 

Tourist Attractions in Gilan

 

Roodsar main square complex

The same is an example of the evolution of architecture during the first decade of the Pahlavi reign. Built according to the western standards by German or Armenian architects, this aggregate is of importance due to these architectural techniques.

 

Kolah Faranghi Building

This structure is located in the middle of Mohtasham Garden which is now the public city park. This beautiful multi-sided building is three stories high and is made of bricks, plaster, wood and clay.

 

Marlik Hill

On the eastern fringes of the Sefid Rood River in Roodbar is a beautiful valley called 'Gowhar Rood'. Nestling in this valley are both large and small archaeological hillocks. Amongst which are the 5 hillocks of Marlik, Zainab, Beejar, Peelaqaleh and Jazemkool. These are vital and valuable remnants. Marlik is a natural hillock and its rocky structure reveals rich composites of iron sulphate.

Some research workers believe that Marlik has attained its name from the innumerable snakes that have inhabited it. (As 'Mar' means snake in the Persian language). Whereas, some believe that the treasures of Marlik are related to the Amard clan. In the studies performed on this site, a large number of broken earthenware pieces can be noted. Moreover, in the excavations carried out two tiny statues of cows in admiralty metal, two cylindrical seals, fourteen gold buttons and other unique objects have been discovered. In this hillock, there are the remnants of a quadrangular structure with an approximate area of 30 sq. m. the same probably being a tomb or temple.

This hillock was also a site where the local commanders or princes who ruled in the 2nd or 1st millennium BC. were laid to rest. According to the tradition of the times, the dead were buried along with their treasures. About 25 tombs have been discovered, in some of which are human carcasses, besides which, articles such as earthenware and bronze vessels, decorative buttons, spears, swords, arrows, bronze and earthenware statues, hemlets, daggers and etc. have been discovered because those times they believed that the dead body will have life again, that was why the people put things around his body for this spirit . Fabrics from this site have come to hand that determine the fact that weaving was a progressive technology in Iran thousands of years ago, and more so in Gilan. About 11 seals have been discovered in these excavations, and these have interesting designs and patterns on them. There is a seal engraved in the Cuneiform script.

 

 

 

 

Masuleh Village

This village which is one of the most visited traditional and natural sites of Gilan is located 65 kilometers southwest of Rasht city. The importance of this village lies in its unique architecture: the roof of a house is the yard of the house above and also the pavement in the village. Here mostly has good weather.

 

Tea Farms

Heavy rainfalls and high humidity in this province have caused many people to be involved  in the planting of tea, especially on hills and foothills of the mountains. Gilan province is the largest producer of tea in Iran which has good taste of a especial drink.

 

Gilan Forests

Gilan's forest views are rare and spectacular with much variety. Another special feature is its lush pastures that spread all over the province like a green carpet, these forest are closed to the Caspian Sea where you have simultaneously sea and forests. Numerous rivers and springs that flow through the valleys and foothills add to its beauty. The protraction of routes connecting the mountains to the forests gives way to the heart of the jungles. Green pastures, dense forests, eye-catching country sides and high mountains all provide recreational opportunities. The province is widely known for its pleasant weather. The countryside's landscape and natural environment compared to the plains have transformed it to a spectacular tourist attraction. The vicinities noted below are known to be tourist spots, when the weather is foggy you can see forests covered with the clouds.

Masleh and its surrounding resort areas, Daylaman, Rahim Abad, Garmab Dasht, Koochid, Rostam Abad and Salansar, Asalem to Khalkhall, Imam zadeh Ebrahim and Imam zadeh Essaq, Qaleh Rud Khan, Gowhar Rud valley and the Ashkoor valley route.

 

Rice Fields

Rice is the most important farm product of this province. This is due to favorable climate conditions and fertile soil which have made Gilan the largest producer of rice in Iran. The Iranian rice has an especial smell and good taste.

 

Agh Olar Palace

This palace is located in the town of Talesh and was set on fire during the constitutional revolution in Iran

 

Rudkhan Castle

Also known as Hesami Ghaleh, the castle dates back to Sassanid era. It is located 12 kilometers south of the town of Fuman in the heart of a dense mountainous forest. With an area of 50 thousand square meters, this is the largest and most magnificent castle in Gilan. It consists of two parts: a citadel and home of the royal family. You should go mountain climbing to visit the castle.

 

Sheikh Zahed Gilani Tomb

This historical structure is located in the Sheikhanvar village of Lahijan. The same is relevant to Tajeddin Ebrahim or Sheikh Zahed Gilani. The structure covered with earthenware tiles is of a pyramid shape, with a pointed dome and ceiling of plaster work. The only inscription on the wooden chest on the tomb reveals the date of 832 AH. The architectural style of the structure shows the effects of the 8th or 9th century AH. The same has been on record in Iran.

 

Sefid-Rud Dam

The water shed of the same is to an extent of nearly 59,400 square kilometers, and originates from the provinces of Kurdestan and Azarbayjan. It actually passes through the Zanjan province and flows into the Caspian Sea in Gilan province. The Sefid Rood Valley acts like a corridor where connecting some of the southern parts of the Caspian Sea, which are humid and high pressure areas to the low pressure regions of the Iran Plateau.

 

Caspian Sea Beaches

Covering an area of approximately 438,000 square kilometers, it is the world's largest land-locked body of water or lake. It spreads between Iran, Russia, Turkamenistan, Qazaqistan and Azarbayjan. Its southern shores belonging to Iran are from the Makhtoom Ali (east) Bay to Astara(west). 'Heerkany' is Khazar's ancient name and foreign maps and books also called it the 'Caspian'. Its shores are shallow and sandy. The average depth in the northern section is 6 m. and a maximum of 1,000 m. in the south and south west. One of the most important clefts in the southern parts of the Caspian Sea is the Anzali Wetland, located to the south west of the Caspian; and the Mian Kaleh Peninsula which is seperated from the Caspian Sea by the Qazian and Gorgan Bays. These are amongst the famous attractions of Gilan and the Mazandaran provinces. Actually Anzali is one of the main port of Iran.

The Caspian Sea consists of three main sectors named as, the northern, central and southern. Its shores cover a distance of more than 6,380 m. of which about 657 m. beginning from Astara to the delta of the Attrak River is in the realm of Iran. The calm blue sea forms the northern view, and the dense forests covering the foot of the northern Alborz Mountains forms the southern landscape. The surrounding shores are covered by paddy fields, plantations and citrus orchards which create a many nice spectacular scenery of each side. Parts of the eastern and the central shores are the main areas of tourist attractions. Other parts such as Talesh and the Astara coast are the semi-active areas. Being far from the cities and industrial establishments, the sandy shores and natural landscapes form a healthier environment in comparison to other coastal areas. Also, one of the attractions is the shape of the rustic houses which are very interesting for the tourists.

 

Anzali Lagoon

It extends to the south western coast of the Caspian Sea, west of the Sefid Rood delta and south of the port of Anzali. Rivers, streams and water from irrigation drains into this wetland, which covers an area of more than 100 square kilometers. Most of the rivers terminating in this wetland take their source in the mountains of Talesh, and after a steep incline end up in the plains. Apart from the economic and environmental aspect, it plays an important role in Gilan's social, geographical, political and cultural atmosphere. Not only from those aspects but also in  connection with several scientific backgrounds such as zoology, biology and environmental studies the wetland displays a spectacular view. Its aqua atmosphere is a suitable bed for the spawning of various types of fish, that from economy view it plays very crucial role. This wetland is one of the best and appropriate surroundings for various waterfowls. Hundreds of species of migrant birds choose to settle in this area for breeding. The Anzali wetland and its islands have a beautiful view which attracts nature lovers.

  • Sepidrood Dam Lake
  • loonak Jungle
  • Caspian Sea Beaches
  • Northern Area
  • Rice Fields
  • Rice Fields
  • Rice Fields
  • Rudkhan Castle
  • Rudkhan Castle
  • Rudkhan Castle
  • Rudkhan Castle
  • Sefid-Rud Dam
  • Tomb of of Sheikh Zahed Gilani
  • Anzali
  • Anzali Lagoon
  • Anzali Lagoon
  • Anzali Lagoon
  • Agholar(Talesh)
  • Agholar(Talesh)
  • Agholar(Talesh)
  • Agholar(Talesh)
  • Caspian Sea Beaches
  • Rudkhan Castle
  • Ghazal cup
  • National Library
  • Kolah Faranghi Building
  • Main Squer Roodsarr
  • Marlik Hill
  • Masuleh Village
  • Masuleh Village
  • Tea Musum
  • Deilaman Forest
  • Tea Museum in tombs Kashefossaltaneh

 

 

Get in

 

The Rasht International airport which is one of the active airports in Iran is the only airport in the small province of Gilan and was established in 1969 with an approximate area of 220 hectares. At first, the airport just handled domestic flights to Tehran and Mashhad, but after it was renamed to Sardar Jangal International airport in 2007, additional routes were established.

The airport is in close affiliation with hundreds of flights by national and international airlines, including Mahan Air, Iran Air, Iran Aseman Airlines and Kish Air and receives more than 2000 flights annually.

 

Hotels

Location Website Star
Astara  http://www.espinashotels.com/    
Anzali http://www.kosaronline.com/en/  
Talesh http://www.sepidarmotel.com
Fouman-Masouleh http://www.hotelaram.ir
Anzali http://www.ittic.com/anzali/
Astara http://www.ittic.com/astara/
Lahijan http://www.ittic.com/lahijan/

                                                                                                                                         Gilan weather data

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Average Max temperature, C°

3

6

11

15

21

25

28

28

23

18

10

4

Average Min temperature, C°

-5

-3

1

4

9

12

14

14

10

6

1

-3

Average Rainfall (mm)

12.6

25.3

22.5

33.6

28.3

21.9

37.5

33.9

40

33.1

35

33

 

 

 

.