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  • HAMADAN Hamadan is the capital city of Hamadan Province of Iran. The city has a population of about 500,000. Hamadan is believed to be among the oldest Iranian cities and one of the oldest in the world. It is possible that it was occupied by the Assyrians in 1100 BCE; the Ancient Greek historian, Herodotus, states that it was the capital of the Medes, around 700 BCE. Hamadan has a green mountainous area in the foothills of the 3,574-meter Alvand Mountain, in the midwest part of Iran. The city is 1,850 meters above sea level. The special nature of this old city and its historic sites attract tourists during the summer to this city, located approximately 360 km southwest of Tehran. The main symbols of this city are the Ganjnameh inscription, the Avicenna monument and the Baba Taher monument. People of the city are Persians and speak Persian.

 

 

Tourist Attractions in Hamadan

 

Some of the major Hamadan Tourist Attractions that you can visit during your Hamadan Tours include the following:

 

 Ali Sadr Cave

Ali Sadr Cave, discovered only 40 years ago by a local shepherd looking for a lost goat, are up to 40m high, and contain several huge lakes with clear water up to 14m deep. Nothing lives in the water - surprisingly bats don't even find it worth hanging around here and there are no signs of any inhabitants from past centuries. These caves are the longest watery caves of the world. There is a boat with a guide that shows and explains the different parts of the cave. Last falling of rocks of the cave occurred in 5 million years ago. It is actually one of the noticeable tourists attraction in the country.

 

Bu Ali Sina (Avicenna)

The great Bu Ali Sina was born in the village of Khormassin in 980, and revered during his lifetime as a philosopher and physician. He is more commonly known in the west as Avicenna, the name under which his widely respected medical encyclopedia was published in Europe. He died in Hamadan in 1037. Now there is museum that inform you with attributions of any kinds of plants.

 

Shrine of Esther and Mardocai

Mausoleum of Esther and Mardocai in a small walled is traditionally believed to be the place where Esther, the Jewish Queen of Susa and Xerxes wife, and Mardocai, her uncle, have been buried. It is considered as the most important Jewish pilgrimage site in Iran, and used to be visited by Jewish pilgrims from all over the world. Inside the brick dome and upon the plaster work of the walls there are some Hebrew inscriptions. some experts believe that Esther was in fact buried in Susa, and this tomb probably belongs to another Jewish Queen, the wife of Sassanian king Yazdgird I (339-420 AD), Shushan Dokht.

There has been a Jewish colony that the simple brick building, constructed in the 13th century on the site of an earlier (probably a 5th-century tomb), is entered through a rough stone door, which swings open into a large assembly room, a vestibule, an elevation, and a Shah Neshin. In fact, it has nothing to speak about from the architectural point of view. The exterior form of this mausoleum, built of brick and stone, resembles Islamic constructions. Another smaller chamber facing the twin tombs is used for prayers aided by an ancient Torah on vellum. The two ebony tombs are covered with a striking collection of colorful clothes, and covering.

 

Alavian Dome

This well-designed 12th century mausoleum of the Alavi family - the pre-eminent family in the town during most of the Seljuq period (1051-1220)-is probably the most noteworthy monument in Hamadan it is amazing for the outstanding quality or its stucco ornamentation,and beauty with whirling floral motifs on the exterior- walls and intricate geometric designs on its Mehrab, the tombs are in the crypt, reached by a spiral staircase.

 

 Lion Stone

This well-known 14th century stone lion in the square of the same name in south-east Hamadan, is the only distinct, visible and artistic monument of the ancient city, Ecbatana. It originally guarded a city gate and may have been carved at the behest of Alexander the Great.

 

Hegmatana (Ecbatana) Hill

The ruins and remains  of ancient Hagmatana, on the site of which the present Hamadan stands, date from the period of Median monarchs (7th and early 6th centuries BC) who had made the city their capital. Hagmatana was further developed under the Achaemenian and Parthian rulers and was known as the first capital of the ancient Persian Empire. Scientific excavations and accidental diggings for construction works have resulted in the discovery of many objects, including some gold and silver tablets, in the area. This indicates that the treasury of the Achaemenian monarchs was kept in Hagmatana and that the present Hamadan has been constructed upon a part of the site of the ancient city.

In the old Sar Qal’eh, Qal’eh Shah, and Darab quarters, one could see the remains of a thick wall that once enclosed the Achaemenian Darius’ palace (521-486 BC). Some traces of the Haft Hissar Palace and the historic ancient rampart, sparsely found in the old citadel of Hamatana bear witness to the grandeur of this capital of the Median and the Achaemenian periods. However, an adequate appreciation of this grandeur will only be possible when systematic scientific excavations are carried out in this region. So far, the discovery of the heads of a stone statue in the hillock Mosalla has proved the earlier existence of an Ashkanian fort on that hill. At all events, Hagmatana has been one of the essential military centers of the Sassanian period and has retained the same position in the Islamic era. There exists ample evidence in the history of Islamic period concerning its prosperity. Hegmatana Museum also present the objects found in that area.

 

Ganj Nameh Inscriptions and waterfall

These two  inscriptions are relics from the period of 'Darius' and 'Khashayar Shah' of the Achaemenian era. The said are located 5 km. west of Hamadan at the end of the 'Dareh-ye-Abbas Abad' or Abbas Abad Valley, and have been engraved on a mountain. Each of these inscriptions have been segregated into three columns with twenty lines, and in three languages of ancient 'Parsi', 'Baboli' and 'Ilami'. The Parsi text is to the left of these two long and huge inscriptions, the Baboli text is in the center followed by the Ilami text to the right of the engravings. The engraved tablet to the left belongs to Darius the Great, under which is the engraving related to the period of Khashayar Shah.

Ganj Nameh waterfall is the most famous waterfall of Hamadan province located near the city of Hamadan. The river falls from a height of 12 meters and flows through the beautiful valley of Abbas Abad and Ganj Nameh after that passes by the ancient stone inscriptions.

In this area there is also a large entertainment complex and Tourists can use the leisure facilities Telecabin, bungee Jumping and indoor park.

 

Haaj AghaTorab bath

This bath was constructed in the year 1342 AH. During the reign of Naseredin Shah. The structure is rectangular in shape and is divided into two by a wall. One section containing hot water, and the other cold water pool. In the latter part there are four stone columns and a private cloak-room. This area has a domed ceiling. The first one has four pillars and a ceiling.In the central portion of this bath is a beautiful pool with chambers surrounding it.

 

Baba Taher Oryan Tomb

This memorial is tomb of the great Gnostic and poet of the late 4th and early 5th centuries AH. The tomb is situated on a hill in the north west of Hamadan. The structure was constructed in the years 1967-1970. This tomb is on the basis of an octagon. Eight pillars of the tower, stone slabs of the tomb and its base, together with the steps and the surrounding paved area, are all of sculptured granite.

The major structure is to the dimensions of 10m. x10 m. and has entrances along with light sutures. The facade and flooring of the structure is of stone, and inscriptions are worked with tiles. Within the internal area are 24 pieces of marble affixed, each having a verse from the poems of this reputed personality.

 

BORJ-E GHORBAN (GHORBAN TOWER)

This tower is one of monument of 10th or 11th century (A.D.), it Is located In Zandi-ha district In Hamadan between Madani Bulevard and Taleghani street, beside Ibn-e Sinn high school. Sheikh Ol-Islam Hassan Ibn-e Attar Hafez Abu A'ia Hamadani and some Seljuk commanders were buried there.

'Askal, his grand gl1lnd father was Arab but he and his ancestors were from Hamadan. It is assumed that he was born in March 1037 A.D. Yaghut Homavi wrote in the eighth volum of "Mo'jam ol-Odaba": Hafez travelled to Baghdad, Isfahan and Khorasan in order to learn syntax. Lexicon, narration and koranic sciences and Hassein Vabas, Abu Ali Haddad Abulghasem Ibn-e Bayan and Abu Abdullah Gharavi were among his teachers. For this reasons, narration scholars rely on him in their narrations.

He was a devoted man, a narrator and knew the Koran by heart and all his life with it and led the people to the rightfulness.

Then he returned to Hamadan and lived in a place where was called Bab ol-Asad and now its name is Borj-e Ghorban. He passed away in 79 years of age in 1146 A.D. and was buried in the cellar of the lower. "AI-Hadi" and "Zad-ol Mosaferin" in 50 volumes are some of his books. Khaghani Shervani and Mo'afagh Ibn-e Ahmad Maki composed some poems about his rank. Ibn-e Mamani Hamadani was one of his students who achieved martyrdom with his son during a fighting against Mongols in 1146. This tower is so called because during the Afa'neh raid near the end of Safavid era, a person whose name was Ghorban. Made this place his trench and defended his district. So the mosque and mausoleum were called in this name.

In 1931 during rebuilding of the tower a cellar was found there in which the foregoing persons were buried.

 

Lalejin city

Lalejin is known as the center of pottery and ceramic productions in the Middle East. 80 percent of Lalejin's population are potters, ceramic and involved in related jobs. Undoubtedly Lalejin is one of the important centers of pottery and ceramic productions in Iran. The products of Lalejin artists are diverse. Lalejin is situated 20 km north of Hamadan at an altitude of 1731 m. It is situated 9 km from Bahar, capital of Bahar County.

 

  • Abbas Abad Garden
  • Ali sadr cave
  • Bu Ali Sina (Avicenna)
  • Bu Ali Sina (Avicenna)
  • Antiquities Hegmatane
  • Hekmatane Hill
  • Tomb of Esther
  • Ganj Nameh
  • Sleigh in Mountain (Ganj Nameh)
  • Tomb of Esther
  • Ganj Nameh waterfall
  • Ganj Nameh Inscriptions
  • Alavian Dome
  • Alavian Dome
  • Alavian Dome
  • Baba Taher Oryan Tomb
  • Baba Taher Oryan Tomb
  • GHORBAN TOWER
  • Lion Stone
  • Antiquities Hegmatane
  • Central Square in Hamadan (Imam Square)
  • Hamedan Central Square
  • Lalejin city
  • pottery and ceramic ( Lalejin city)
  • pottery and ceramic ( Lalejin city)
  • pottery and ceramic ( Lalejin city)
  • pottery and ceramic ( Lalejin city)
  • pottery and ceramic ( Lalejin city)
  • pottery and ceramic ( Lalejin city)
  • Ali sadr cave
  • pottery and ceramic ( Lalejin city)
  • pottery and ceramic ( Lalejin city)
  • Ali sadr cave
  • Ali sadr cave
  • Ali sadr cave entrance
  • Ali sadr cave

      Get in

 

By plane

There is a daily flight from Tehran.

 

By bus

There are buses from Tehran and other major cities.

 

Hotels

Buali Hotel

Azadi Hotel

Alisadr Hotel

 

Climate data for Hamedan

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Average high °C

2.0
 

4.3
 

11.5
 

18.1
 

23.9
 

30.9
 

34.9
 

34.2
 

29.8
 

21.9
 

13.7
 

5.9
 

19.26
 

Average low °C

−10.5
 

−8.2
 

−2.1
 

2.7
 

6.4
 

9.8
 

13.9
 

12.8
 

7.0
 

2.5
 

−2.1
 

−6.6
 

2.13
 

Precipitation mm

46.3
 

43.6
 

49.4
 

49.8
 

37.8
 

3.7
 

2.0
 

1.8
 

0.8
 

20.7
 

26.9
 

40.9
 

323.7
 

Avg. precipitation days

11.6

11.1

12.4

12.1

9.5

2.0

1.3

1.6

1.0

5.6

6.8

10.1

85.1

 

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